Hacking stereoscopic vision: the nineteenthcentury culture of critical inquiry in stereoscope use

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Hacking stereoscopic vision: the nineteenthcentury culture of critical inquiry in stereoscope use

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Bantjes, Rod
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-14T13:37:22Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-14T13:37:22Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.issn 2183-9271
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10437/7733
dc.description.abstract While recent scholarship has emphasised the narratives of immersive realism that surrounded the parlour stereoscope, my aim in this paper is to better understand the counter-currents of nineteenth century stereoscopic culture – the artefacts, practices and discourses that powerfully undermined realist assumptions about spatial perception and the “truth” of stereoscopic representation. Wheatstone’s original stereoscopes were designed to “hack” spatial perception and subject each of its component principles to artificial manipulation. What Wheatstone uncovered were glaring anomalies in the prevailing theories of veridical sight, which had relied upon the principle of binocular convergence (understood as a precise trigonometric measure of depth). Following a popular tradition of critical inquiry known as “rational recreation,” amateurs too used their stereoscopes to reflect on the perplexities of binocular spatial perception. Analytic line drawings highlighted the inexplicable binocular suture of strikingly disparate images. Stereoviews with their images transposed revealed the capacity of the mind to constitute volumetric objects irrespective of binocular cues. Hyper-stereo images (taken from a wide separation and therefore at an increased angle of binocular convergence) sparked debate and perceptual uncertainty as to whether their 3D effects, or indeed all stereoviews, were distorted – elongated along the z axis and/or miniaturised. Realists, including some astronomers hoping to use hyper-stereo photographs as visual evidence of the shape of the moon’s surface, sought unsuccessfully to solve the problem of elongation by ensuring that the angles at which stereo photographs were taken were reproduced in the angles at which the eyes viewed them in the stereoscope. Astronomers were forced to quietly abandon the stereoscope as a reliable witness of spatial form. Others, artists in particular, revelled in the anti-realist implications of a spatial imagination which constructed the perceptual world in a sometimes capricious fashion. pt
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng pt
dc.publisher Edições Universitárias Lusófonas pt
dc.rights openAccess
dc.subject AUDIOVISUAL pt
dc.subject IMAGEM pt
dc.subject ESTEREOSCOPIA pt
dc.subject PERCEÇÃO pt
dc.subject AUDIOVISUAL pt
dc.subject IMAGE pt
dc.subject STEREOSCOPY pt
dc.subject PERCEPTION pt
dc.subject SÉC. 19 pt
dc.subject 19TH CENTURY pt
dc.title Hacking stereoscopic vision: the nineteenthcentury culture of critical inquiry in stereoscope use pt
dc.type article pt


Files in this item

Files Size Format View Description
Rod_Bantjes_artigo.pdf 5.207Mb PDF View/Open Artigo

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account