Ocular manifestations associated to atopic dermatitis : a study in 15 dogs

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Ocular manifestations associated to atopic dermatitis : a study in 15 dogs

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Title: Ocular manifestations associated to atopic dermatitis : a study in 15 dogs
Author: Almeida, Odete Catapirra de
Abstract: The ocular manifestations associated to atopic dermatitis, in the dog, have been described in the literature to a limited extent but a more accurate correlation between atopic dermatitis and ocular disease in the dog is required. The aim of this study is to contribute to the characterization of ocular lesions associated to canine atopic dermatitis. Ocular examinations were performed in 15 dogs that fulfilled the following inclusion criteria: diagnosis of atopic dermatitis; currently not on treatment and not previously medicated for cutaneous or ocular diseases (The CAD group). For the control group, 15 healthy dogs were selected amongst the clients of a private practice and underwent an ophthalmological exam. 40% (6/15) of the dogs in the CAD group had ocular complaint; in all the dogs with ocular complaints was found some form of ocular disease but ocular disease was also diagnosed in dogs without ocular symptoms recognized by the owner; the prevalence of ocular disease in the CAD group was 80% (12/15) being follicular conjunctivitis of the bulbar surface of the nictitans the most common ocular presentation being diagnosed in 64% (9/14) of the cases and statistically associated to the presence of CAD. Other ocular diseases were also identified, such as blepharitis and conjunctivitis (20% in both – 3/15 in both), although in a smaller number compared with the previous literature. These findings strongly support the need for an ophthalmological exam to be undertaken in all CAD patients. Further studies, with larger populations in both groups, should be undertaken in order to better characterize the clinical ophthalmic presentation of CAD.
Description: Orientação : Andreia Santos ; Co-orientação : David Williams , Ana Oliveira
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10437/5299
Date: 2012


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