University rankings: between market regulation and the diffusion of organizational models : The Brazilian case

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University rankings: between market regulation and the diffusion of organizational models : The Brazilian case

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Title: University rankings: between market regulation and the diffusion of organizational models : The Brazilian case
Author: Teodoro, António; Santos, Eduardo; Costa Junior, Reinaldo da
Abstract: In this paper two of the better-known university rankings produced internationally are considered, the Academic Ranking World Universities (ARWU) and the Times Higher Education World Universities Rankings (THE), as well as a national ranking, the Folha University Ranking (RUF), focussed on Brazilian universities. The thesis we put forward is that rankings play a dual role, regulating the market and disseminating organizational models. The paper highlights the existence of differences between the concerns (and implications) of the international rankings (ARWU and THE) and the Brazilian national ranking (RUF), which sets out as main goals, on the one hand, to steer the elites’ demand for tertiary education towards degrees with higher employability and, on the other, to provide indications which may be considered useful for the labour market to recruit better qualified professionals.Neste artigo, apresentam-se dois dos mais conhecidos rankings de universidades produzidos a nível internacional, o Academic Ranking World Universities (ARWU) e o Times Higher Education World Universities Rankings (THE), e um de natureza nacional, o Ranking Universitário Folha (RUF), que tem como foco as universidades brasileiras. A hipótese defendida é a de que os rankings desempenham um duplo papel, o de regulação do mercado e o de difusão de modelos organizacionais. O artigo mostra a existência de diferenças entre as preocupações (e implicações) dos rankings internacionais (ARWU e THE) e do ranking nacional brasileiro (RUF), que apresenta, como principal foco, por um lado, orientar a procura de formação superior por parte das elites em direção aos cursos com maior empregabilidade, e, por outro, fornecer indicações que possam ser consideradas úteis para o mercado de trabalho no recrutamento dos profissionais melhor qualificados.En este artículo se presentan dos de los más conocidos rankings de universidades producidas a nivel internacional, el Academic Ranking World Universities (ARWU) y el Times Higher Education World Universities Rankings (THE), y uno de naturaleza nacional, el Ranking Universitario Folha (RUF ), que tiene como foco las universidades brasileñas. La hipótesis defendida es que los rankings desempeñan un doble papel, el de regulación del mercado y el de difusión de modelos organizacionales. El artículo muestra la existencia de diferencias entre las preocupaciones (e implicaciones) de los rankings internacionales (ARWU y THE) y del ranking nacional brasileño (RUF), que presenta, como principal foco, por un lado, orientar la demanda de formación superior por parte de las élites hacia los cursos con mayor empleabilidad, y, por otra, proporcionar indicaciones que puedan ser consideradas útiles para el mercado de trabajo en el reclutamiento de los profesionales mejor calificados.Dans cet article, deux des rankings les plus connus des universités internationales, le Academic Ranking World Universities (ARWU) et le Times Higher Education World Universities Rankings (THE), et un rankings national, le Ranking Universitario Folha (RUF), qui se concentre sur les universités brésiliennes. L’hypothèse défendue est que les rankings jouent un double rôle, celui de la régulation du marché et de la diffusion des modèles organisationnels. L’article montre l’existence de différences entre les préoccupations (et les implications) des rankings internationaux (ARWU et THE) et du rankings national brésilien (RUF), dont l’objectif principal est, d’une part, de guider la demande d’enseignement supérieur en des élites vers des cours plus aptes au travail et, d’autre part, fournissent des indications qui peuvent être considérées utiles pour le marché du travail lors du recrutement des professionnels les plus qualifiés.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10437/9344
Date: 2018


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