The Pedagogical Congresses of Portuguese Secondary Teaching : the participation of female teachers (1927-1928)

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The Pedagogical Congresses of Portuguese Secondary Teaching : the participation of female teachers (1927-1928)

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Title: The Pedagogical Congresses of Portuguese Secondary Teaching : the participation of female teachers (1927-1928)
Author: Cavadas, Bento; Mimoso, Anabela
Abstract: This paper was written within the context of the research project “The development of teacher’ associative organizations and unionism (1889-1990)” funded by the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (Foundation for Science and Technology). Five important congresses about secondary education were organized in Portugal between 1927 and 1931. These congresses served to claim the rights of teachers and the consolidation of the class, as well as to promote the discussion of scientific and pedagogical problems. In these congresses, the presence of female teachers was residual. However, the few teachers who participated had a significant contribution to the definition of secondary education during the following decades. Among other issues, it contributed to the discussion of female education and to analyze the importance of Biology and Physical Education in high schools. This paper presents the analysis of the minutes of the 1927s and 1928s Congresses. This analysis allowed the assessment of the important role played by a group of teachers to define, at the end of the first third of the 20th century, the future guidelines of Portuguese secondary education. It also reported that these teachers were pioneers who opened the way for the increasing number of teachers in secondary education during the 20th century.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10437/1366
Date: 2011


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